Methanol is present in fuels as a petrol additive. It is used as an industrial solvent, as a solvent in a number of insecticide and fungicide formulations and is used as a reagent for chemicals such as formaldehyde, acetic acid, chloromethanes, cholesterol, antibiotics, vitamins, hormones and other pharmaceuticals. Methanol is used in antifreeze or in paint strippers, aerosol and non-aerosol spray paints, in some glass cleaners and as a fuel for picnic stoves and soldering torches. Methanol can be used as an extractant for animal and vegetable oils.
Substance name: Methanol
CASR number: 67-56-1
Molecular formula: CH4O
Synonyms: methyl alcohol, carbinol, wood alcohol, wood spirits
Methanol is a clear, colourless liquid with a characteristic odour. It is highly flammable. Methanol is used to dissolve other chemical substances and mixes readily with water and many organic liquids. Methanol is considered a volatile organic compound by the National Pollutant Inventory.
Melting point: -97.6°C
Boiling point: 64.7°C
Specific gravity: 0.7915
Flash point: 12°C
Methanol rapidly absorbs water from the air. It mixes readily with most organic liquids.
The National Pollutant Inventory (NPI) holds data for all sources of methanol emissions in Australia.
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